Yellow Mouse Robots Spray Repel Search Engine Robots From Indexing Your Pages

Don’t you hate it if your download page or thank you page can be found in Google, Yahoo or MSN? What about your eBook, is it listed in Google, too?

Your result of your hard work can be accessed by everyone because your page is simply indexed by search engines such as Google. You invested your money, time and energy to create your best product but your product can be found by everyone easily without even paying you. You could loose thousands of dollars. You don’t want this happen to you, do you?

So here comes the yellow mouse robots spray. Repel search engine robots from indexing your pages!


Robots.txt is a simple text file that tells the search engine robots not to crawl certain directories and pages of your site.

When a robot crawls your site it looks for the robots.txt file. If it doesn’t find one it assumes automatically that it may crawl and index the entire site. Not having a robots.txt file can also create unnecessary 404 errors (page not found error) in your server logs, making it more difficult to track the real 404 errors.

Creating robots.txt file is easy.

1. Open your notepad or other text editor (not HTML editor).

2. Type this following to prevent all robots to crawl or index your certain directory:



where directory is the directory that you don’t want to be crawled or indexed by search engine robots.

3. Save the file as robots.txt.

4. Upload it to your domain root directory so that it looks like this:

5. Confirm if everything is correct using robots.txt validator. (You can easily find robots.txt validator using Google Search).

For more information on robots.txt, you can visit .

Are these two tricks enough to protect your product download page, thank you page and private page? Perhaps, because nothing is perfect in this world.

So I’ll give you another trick to double protect your precious page.

Meta tags

Another trick, which may be more convenient for page usage, adds a META tag to an HTML page to tell search engine robots not to index the page.

To prevent all robots from indexing a page on your site, place this following META tag into the HEAD section of your page:


(Add “” after the code).

That should helps protect your precious pages.

One more trick, exclusive to blog only!

Disallow Pings

All of those tricks above are useless if you still allow pings for your blog page or blog post.

Disallow pings for your precious page.

If you use WordPress:

1. Expand your discussion tab.

2. Uncheck “Allow Pings”.

These tricks should help you protect your product download page, thank you page and private page. However, these tricks don’t protect your precious page if your buyer adds it to his Internet Explorer’s Favorite, Firefox’s Bookmarks or social bookmarks and share the link with his friends.

POSqx booming the restaurant industry with New point of sale technology

For running the restaurant in more advanced way, you need to use high-end best POS point of sale technology. A Point of sale technology can manage the lot in your restaurant fairly comfortably and precisely. Most importantly, New point of sale technology can process all sales made in your store be it credit card, debit card or cash payment. Unsurprisingly, the Business point of sale technology is equipped with a full payment processing system and from your part; you should take no chances in ensuring that the Best POS point of sale technology is fully safe for such processing.

Your customers may opt to pay through different means where it may be cash, credit cards or cash cards; even some of them may be your usual customers whom you will charge seldom. So, Best POS point of sale technology vendors gives sufficient fondness for collecting and processing payments in dissimilar modes. The New point of sale technology should also facilitate you to bring together payments from customers whose records are saved in the main database of the best restaurant management software.

Under standard conditions, your customer will dine in your restaurant, walk up to the cash-counter or the payment processing systems console and pay using his cash/credit card or simple cash. Now, if the customer pays in cash, the best Point of sale technology software will open up the cash-drawer robotically the moment the cashier enters the cash details in the console. For credit/debit card dealing out, you will get your customer’s card swiped in the system and the amount will be routinely updated in the best restaurant management software.

All POS inventory system is equipped with adequate security features to prevent mal-practices. As you get various reports on the data collected in the POS inventory system, any discrepancy will be easily noticeable to you. The information of your customers’ credit or debit cards is completely encrypted through the Business point of sale technology so that they can dine and enjoy in the restaurant generously. A number of best Point of sale technology are also equipped with online payment gateways to full transactions over the web from the POS inventory system console.

It is vital to run your restaurant with an optimized system offering the customer with an immense dining skill. So, to linger in the business fruitfully, you need to have Best POS point of sale technology besides efficient workforce and sufficient infrastructure. Ultimately, your New point of sale technology makes the difference and takes you towards achievement.

Point of sale technology, New point of sale technology, Business point of sale technology, POS point of sale technology, Best POS point of sale technology, POS inventory system

Linux Hosting Server Services Jaipur

Linux hosting is more modern and hype than other hosting facilities. It becomes predictable to information, your ideas and other business strategies via internet globally. Internet becomes the fast growing business to expand the business operations and other opportunities in very small time duration. Linux Web hosting services reduces the difference between information providers and searchers. Manufacturers and Services providers have to make their websites accessible to the general public. It gives a better platform for data center space and connection to the world also provides the technical and logical support to the whole business. At a very convenient price, we promise Fast, Safe and Reliable web hosting services. Linux Web hosting is most popular worldwide. It is the most common operating system which is famous in hosting environment. With the introduction of more updated version, equipped with numerous user-friendly tools, Linux hosting is not the same again. And the reason behind the popularity in Linux Hosting Shell’s command line interface is used with this websites outlook and features can be easily controlled. Linux hosting are mostly preferred then other because it supports the most common languages like C, C++, Perl, PHP, Python, Ruby etc. When combined, these powerful components allow users to create dynamic, data-driven, interactive website that greatly surpass the functionality of traditional static HTML web pages. Linux Server Hosting is renowned for its superb compatibility and its ability to make the most of the hardware. Linux Hosting India is considered as the best among the various webs hosting in providing quality service at very affordable prices. Web hosting services based on operating systems of open source origins would also make it easier for you to fix any bug that might occur in your website. Linux hosting has been already used by hundreds of people by now therefore you can get solutions and patches for any bugs you might come across and easily fix the glitches. Linux Hosting India is basically preferred for home networks. One should always do the necessary research before investing into any kind of web hosting services India. The advantages of setting up a home server are immense. Linux hosing is one of the most economical solutions for web hosting. You can download and use the software free of charge. The expenses associated with it are nominal, as compared to other hosing services. There are several factors that call for your attention; web hosting being of one the most important among them. This article focuses on a significant type of web hosting, Linux hosing. Apart from free licensing facilities, Linux hosting services can help a website owner with many other benefits.

Crisis Management Technology Big Brother saving lives

We all like to think that we are never going to be involved in a crisis or any scenario where risk is running high. Unfortunately for some, their day-to-day jobs involve encountering risk and putting their lives at risk for the good of others.

Very often, working in high risk environments can be difficult, especially if its on foreign soil. Not knowing your surroundings and working with people from different cultures can often be very stressful work. This is where GPS technology can help.

GPS Technology utilises a network of satellites orbiting earth to send and transmit signals back to devices on the ground, at sea and in the air. Satellite technology is ideal for people working in remote locations as it doesnt rely on cell towers and the signal is transmitted directly to the satellite from the device. In certain circumstances, i.e. in a dense forest or built up city area the signal may falter a little but at sea, in the air or on the ground it is usually a very reliable technology and helps teams in situations liaise with central management teams regarding locations, risk and general communication.

The areas of high impact when it comes to Crisis Management technology are places like the 3rd world countries. These countries often span a vast area of expansive land and aid workers travel from village to village trying make sure inhabitants get what they need to survive. Naturally, as people try to do good others will try to hijack this work for their own needs.

This is a perfect example of where Crisis Management technology can help. Not only do the central teams know the exact location of the convoys but they can also advise of, and how to avoid, potential risk situations by using the GPS technology at hand, both by tracking and communicating those on the ground.

With GPS Technology is easy for central teams to deploy backup to the exact location of a situation. It enables teams to be responsive with accurate information, which ultimately saves lives and allows for critical missions to succeed.

Computer File Storage – Safety Considerations

Whether you are running a website or a company which uses dozens of different computers, the method of file storage can be of vital importance to the future of your business. By now most people realize that backups of your important files and systems do not only need to be created on a daily basis, but they also must be stored in a secure location. Let’s take a look at some of the ways in which people store their computer files (we’ve ranked them in order from least secure to most secure).

Hard Drive

Every computer contains a hard drive that stores information magnetically. Typically the hard drive is unique to one type of computer; this is the type of file storage most commonly used by individuals, as it is quick and convenient. The downside of relying on a hard drive only file storage system is that if that one computer is compromised either through hacking or through an accidental power surge, or an Act of God, you risk losing all of your stored data. Therefore, this is by far the least safe way to save your files.

Outside storage

Individual users may complement their hard drive saved information by storing their files on separate media such as floppies or CDs. This provides an extra level of security, but the disadvantage again comes in the vulnerability of the media; these small units are easy to steal or lose, and also easy to damage.

File servers

File servers save data that comes from a lot of different, networked computers. They make it easy to access relevant information, but this is also their downfall; they are prone to hacking. In addition, their central location (usually in the same building as the computers from which the data is being sent), mean that an act of nature can wipe out all of the stored information.

Off site

By far, the best option for file storage as far as safety is concerned is off site. Off site storage facilities are fairly inexpensive, easy to upkeep, and keep your files stored in a place far enough away that should a calamity occur, your files are not all in the same vicinity. In addition, off site storage facilities for computer files are manned by very tight security, and usually have the best in technological support.

Hardware Virtualization Support In Modern Cpus

To avoid the issues surrounding the non-trappable privileged instructions, CPU manufacturers have added virtualization capabilities to modern CPUs. These CPUs still need to behave exactly like their older counterparts, to ensure backward-compatibility with existing applications, so the behavior of the non-trappable privileged instructions is identical on these newer units. However, a new set of instructions, which were not previously available, provides for a special virtual machine mode of operation. This mode provides extra levels of I/O and memory protection, and allows the special instructions to be detected and handled externally by the CPU in conjunction with a suitably written hyper visor VMM.

The first revision of this instruction set provided basic support for virtualizing the non-trappable privileged instructions, and the supporting instructions required to interface the hardware support to VMMs written to make use of it.

CPUs with first generation hardware virtualization support are not capable of nesting VMMs in a way that allows the nested VMM to also take advantage of the hardware virtualization capabilities. This means that when using CPUs with first generation hardware virtualization, only the outermost VMM can benefit from the hardware acceleration. While this may not initially seem to be a problem, some modes of operation are not possible without hardware virtualization support, meaning those modes will not be available in a nested-VMM configuration.

Furthermore, some computer manufacturers intentionally disable hardware virtualization support in their PCs, even if the hardware is capable of supporting it.6 The second revision of this hardware support, present in only the newest CPUs at the time of this writing, does allow virtualization of the hardware virtualization instructions, allowing for some degree of nested VMM capabilities.

Limitations and Challenges

Performance There will always be some level of performance overhead associated with hyper visor VMMs. As CPUs evolve to include more hardware support for virtualization, the areas of performance impact will shift from the VMM to the emulated hardware instead, which can still result in a non-trivial impact.

VM inside another VM As mentioned before, unless one uses extremely new hardware it is not possible to run a hardware-accelerated VM inside another hardware-accelerated VM.

No hardware assist Especially important in a virtual desktop solution, one must consider the millions of PCs in the field that could be used as host PCs that do not have even the first generation of virtualization support.7

How to Write a Master’s Thesis in Computer Science

The Master’s Thesis in Computer Science is considered as practice for the PhD thesis. MSC research thesis is too hard to embark on without research. The vital requirement of a Master’s Thesis is that it factually reveals the mastery: that you have fully understood the state of the art in your MSC research thesis and that you are competent of working at that level. This is principally significant when the function to be achieved by the structure is too complex to be explained in code, or maybe the condition-action mappings are unidentified in Masters Thesis.

Writing a Master Thesis is an important task. Though in some ways, Master’s Thesis appears comparable to many other structures of academic writing like research paper, dissertation and essay.

The MSC thesis offers the challenge to demonstrate your ability to set up and to carry out a scientific research project in a self-responsible and independent manner. MSC research thesis includes:

* To provide a sufficient explanation and meaning of your research topic,

* To build a sound hypothetical structure for direction of the research,

* To collect data in a systematic and confirmable way,

* To analyze the data significantly and suitably,

* To present the results in an understandable manner,

* To draw sound conclusions based on a thorough discussion of the outcomes, and

* To show the prospective involvement of your research to the procedure of theoretical modernization of the topi

Emblematic questions that need to be answered during a Master Thesis:

* What problem are you solving?

* Why is this problem imperative?

* Who else is working on this dilemma, on allied research?

* What process have you used to solve this problem?

* Why did you select this process/technique? Is this method superior to other methods?

* What was the most complicated part of your work?

* What are the lingering troubles?

We know this all sounds understandable, but every year there are students who get so marsh down in methodological aspect that by the time they are prepared to defend, they cannot persuasively answer these questions. So, you are preparing to write ain a tentative area of Computer Science. Unless you have written many formal documents prior to, you are in for a revelation; it’s complicated.

Good writing is necessary in a MSC research thesis. However, good writing cannot recompense for a rareness of ideas or impressions. Quite the differing, a clear appearance always exposes flaws.

If you simply follow the implications outlined and discussed in this paper, you will be well on your way to fruitfully carrying out the Master Thesis requirements for achievement of a Master’s Degree in Computer Science at any Institute of Technology.

Educational Software

What is the function of educational software? They simplify learning by utilizing representative problem solving and subject presentations in various fields of human enterprise such as science, commerce, economics etc. What is interactive educational software? It helps you to enter your answers, judge and get a feedback. Is educational software merely for learning? No, there exists a type where gaming and fun are given significance. The reward with educational software is it is created by masters in their field of activity and who can come down to the plane of children or adults, unaware of particular discipline of knowledge. Are this software similar to learning in the traditional classroom-teaching technique? Yes, in fact education through this software is similar to the latter method. The advantage with the educational software lies in that you don’t have to worry about finding effective teachers or about enrolling into a good college; it makes getting distance education easier and simpler.

Using the educational software known as Courseware an entire course on a syllabus topic is provided in computer formatted virtual classroom. These are kits for tutors and trainers. Educational software is also created for typical classroom where the matter is projected upon a white board or in a networking system having numerous desk computers. Therefore, these software are called Classroom Management. Another one is the Reference Software that has dictionaries and encyclopedias compiled by experts and commoners. What is an example of the reference software? Wikipedia. How is an educational software for children made? This is made using custom platforms and mixed hardwares. The latest educational software is server based instead of being based on a single computer. Distanced thousands of kilometers away, you get the learning modules, one by one.

The best educational software should aid students with essays, projects and help in clarifying the doubts in the subjects. Will students benefit by utilizing this software? Yes, they will profit through the interactive software usually used for driving test, simulated biologic dissections, spell checks and typing tutors.

Sony Ericsson W995 Red High End Multimedia Supports With Ultra Modern Connectivity Competencies !

The Sony Ericsson W995 Red comes packed with a huge number of up to date features which make it the cynosure in the mobile market. The device incorporates an exquisite design with a perfect finish. The red casing of the phone makes look even more beautiful which catches the attention at the very first sight. The key inputs are facilitated by the slide out key pad that. The screen TFT screen of the phone stretches up to 240 x 320 pixels which dominates the front of the gadget. The accelerometer sensor results in a enhanced sophistication as it proves very helpful while browsing any website. The reason lies in the fact that, the vertical and horizontal rotations of the screen let the users adjust to the different lay outs of the websites. Interestingly, one does not need put much effort to enjoy this sophistication, just hold the handset horizontally and enjoy the landscape mode. The display of the phone promises a wonderful display as it has got the supports of almost 256K of colours.

The Sony Ericsson W995 Red delivers an appreciable experience in the multimedia aspects. A 8.1 mega pixels camera takes well care of the imaging interests and the needs of the users. The high definition camera produces a high resolution of image and that too enriched with natural colours and contracts. The features like Geo-tagging, face detection and image stabilizer bring quality to each and every picture, and at the same time other features viz auto focus LED flash allow the users to snap well lit images even when the lighting conditions are not favorable. The camera captures great quality videos at the speed of 30fps, that is unhesitantly a commendable capacity of the lens. One won’t have to get disappointed on the thought of video calling, as this 3G phone is equipped with a secondary camera which lets it capture videos while on the call. When it comes to the music aspects of this device, one cannot question its music producing capabilities as its a walkman phone adorned with the walkman 4.0 player. The additional features of the music player include Shake control, SenseMe and trackID recognition. The shake control allows the users to control the playback just with a shake, give it a shake and the current song will change. This music player can sense the music propensities of the users as it can make play list depending upon the songs stored and played. It separates the songs on the grounds of tempo and mood. Then the trackID music recognition brings the information about the songs, be it about the artists, albums, genres anything else.

The W995 Red ensures that the users do not make any complaint on the data and connectivity speed of the phone. Its brings an enviable speed at web browsing as it is supported by a host of high end technologies. All in all, it is a well balanced gadget.

Medical Management Software

These days, doctors are too busy that they have large patient loads, mounds of paper work, and surplus of other things to do. They are usually with a range of commitments, hence they are most likely to miss out many things in such circumstances; thereby they were looking for a solution to consolidate all their clinical management. The solution that they were looking should offer high levels of performance such as increasing productivity to save lives, improving response times, and delivering a high level of care. And here comes the solution – EMR (Electronic Medical Records) software.

It is nothing but a medical practice management application (with high speed and accuracy) that integrates various medical aspects to improve patient care and administrative workflow efficiency. The functions of EMR software include auto generated features, electronic lab results, diagnostic reports, fixing appointments, follow up, revisits, billing, stores X-ray, CT and MRI scan images, custom forms, legible prescription, wait lists, prescription management, storing and retrieving the patient’s information, and also preference for editing prescriptions to track the diagnostic procedures, and many more.

Initially, hospital professionals were spent more time doing paperwork than looking after patients. Now, EMR applications stand as a solution to erase such things including sharing patient information, simplifying assessment, and diagnosis.
It also enables doctors to take treatment decisions by providing more consistent application of medicine protocols and quick availability of information.
Relatively, this software is costs effective than the conventional procedures. It does also help in reducing errors, improving outcomes, and lowering other malpractice risk.
EMR system would enable physicians and other medical personnel to enter data and reduces transcription costs. It maintains patient consultation history and patient files in a very simplified manner. It focuses on capturing patient information faster and in simple steps. Therefore doctors can concentrate more on diagnosis and look up more patients per day.

This medical management software is ideal for doctors of any specialty. It enables them to manage their practice activities efficiently. This software is designed for a single-user or multiple users in a network environment. This software is user-friendly, and of high quality. It has made doctor’s work less tedious and made it into a clutter-free, paperless, and time efficient clinic. Scanning option is another important feature where the patient report can be scanned easily for future reference. It enables doctors to do their daily consultation without any interruption. They can access patient details more easily and faster, while spending more time on consulting the patients. Patient details can be easily retrieved based on various user defined parameters. As end-note, this allows the doctors and other hospital staff alike access to their medical records anywhere, anytime, from any web-enabled device.

The Meaning Of Health Science

True we are moving fast towards a highly evolved society with rapid advancement in all fields of technology, communication as well as sciences. There are innumerable new terminologies that have come into existence, for eg: “health science”. Though the term may be newly coined, the science has been in practice for ages.

What does Health science mean to you? It can mean different things to different people depending upon each one’s view point. Health of every individual is a sum of several parts which is not limited to one particular branch alone. We have the physical health or the medical science which looks into the physical ailments. This stream itself has innumerable specialization branches depending upon various disciplines. Besides we have the psychology and psychiatry branch of health science to be considered too.

All of us know the definition of science. It refers to scientific examination or study of principles and laws that are verifiable and can be reproduced and validated to give the same results. As applied to health sciences, we are referring to the systematic pursuit of similar research and query into the issues concerning the health of the human beings.

So you can call the general practice of medicine including nutrition, die tics as well as fitness and overall body metabolism to be covered under Health Sciences which deals with the human body as a whole. Health sciences while being concerned about overall health and metabolism of the body can still focus on a particular function of body part too.

If you look at the health sciences branches there are quite a few of them with most common being die tics, phytotherapy, occupational health, audiology, speech therapy, nutrition, environmental health etc.

Besides medical community of doctors, there are several other health science specialists that are a part of the hospitals and other clinics today. Holistic health centers offer all branches under one roof. Not only the medical centers but even corporates are seen to be including the health sciences as a part of their employee safety and welfare schemes.

If you wish to aim for a successful career, you can even work up to get a PhD in Health sciences. Then you get to choose where you wish to work whether in a hospital or a clinic or a rehab center. You can even join any NGO promoting awareness or join a MNC corporate as a part of CSR.

It takes a while to get a mastery over the subject, but once you are at the top, then you get ample opportunities to research into the problems plaguing people and help find practical solutions to everyday health problems.

Know the top 4 health science jobs or you can try your career by signing for the FBI possibilities.

Forex Robots – Fact Most Destroy Trading Accounts and Do it Quickly

Forex robots appeal to greedy and lazy traders and of course they don’t work because if they did everyone would swap their jobs for life of leisure, pay 100 dollars and enjoy financial freedom. Of course the reality of forex robot trading is a wipe out of equity here’s why.

Forex robots for all the clever marketing on the vast majority try and present one advantage which doesn’t add up in real life and that’s the track record.

The track records of most of these forex trading systems would make the world’s top traders envious if they were true, bank and brokerage dealing rooms would have no people left, just 100 buck robots making cash. Why bother with a dealer on a seven figure annual salary, when you can get better returns on $100.00 a year?

Of course the track records are not true.

When you look at a track record, you imagine it to be real money, after all you are looking for evidence that the robot makes money – that’s why your buying it but the reality is the track record is not real and this appears by it.

“CFTC RULE 4.41 – Hypothetical or simulated performance results have certain limitations. Unlike an actual performance record, simulated results do not represent actual trading. Also, since the trades have not been executed, the results may have under-or-over compensated for the impact, if any, of certain market factors, such as lack of liquidity. Simulated trading programs in general are also subject to the fact that they are designed with the benefit of hindsight. No representation is being made that any account will or is likely to achieve profit or losses similar to those shown”.

I think that says it all about the tack record. Now you know why traders serious about making money don’t use them.

You will often see people review these systems online and tell you how much money they have made with the system and recommending you to buy it – click their link however and you will see an affiliate deal for the system! So they have vested interest in selling it.

So if you think you can get rich easily and with no effort then, you will be sorely disappointed and really, if you thought about it, what a forex robot claims for the price charged simply doesn’t add up.

You can make a lot of money at forex trading and there are some robots that work and are proven – but don’t expect not to lose for long periods (you will thats part of forex trading) and don’t expect triple digit figures each year. If you make 30 to 50{fec68bc6e14e4ca00d027d9bfe7773fd399ee1955e2a9ba320ffcd3ffda30b25} annualized your up there with the best traders and systems.

Virtual Private Server

Virtual private server is nothing but a marketing term used by Internet Hosting Services which refers to a virtual machine for the use of an individual customer availing the service. Even software running on the same computer as same as the individual customer computer, it absolutely work as a separate computer and for the need of the customer. It also has the privacy of the separate physical computer and can run just like a server computer if configured. The term VDS is less used for the same process compared to VPS, each of these can run their own operating system and can be independently rebooted, which helps the user a lot in configuring any process and using it. Partitioning of a single server is done so that it can be showed as multiple has been in practice since a long time, especially both on mainframe computer and mid range computers. It has become more popular with the development occurring day by day in case of virtualization of software and technologies for micro computers.

It bridges the gap between dedicated hosting services and shared web hosting services by giving independence of the VPS services in software terms. It cost less compared to physical dedicated servers. It runs at its own operating system and is capable of running any software on other operating systems some doesnt run in virtualized ones. There are two types of hosting, the first one is Unmanaged and other is unmetered. In the case of unmanaged one the customer is left to monitor and administer their own server and in the case of unmetered one, unlimited amount of data transfer is allowed on a fixed bandwidth line. Unmetered hosting is offered with 10 Mbit/s, 100 Mbit/s or 1000 Mbit/s.

Here the customer can use 3.33~ TB on 10 Mbit/s, 33~ TB on 100 Mbit/s and 333~ TB on a 1000 Mbit/s line. A VPS is also referred as cloud server it has two attributes which are- additional hardware resources can be added at runtime (CPU, RAM), and Server can be moved to other hardware while the server is running (automatically according to load in some cases). As an intermediary service between shared web hosting and dedicated server hosting, the actual hardware server is divided into several isolated environments. Each environment, or space of the hardware, has its own server software, mail server, and independent software instances and services. VPS hosting offers an extremely affordable hosting solution for business owners.

Science & social responsibility in public health

Epidemiologists and environmental health researchers have a joint responsibility to acquire scientific knowledge that matters to public health and to apply the knowledge gained in public health practice. We examine the nature and source of these social responsibilities, discuss a debate in the epidemiological literature on roles and responsibilities, and cite approaches to environmental justice as reflective of them. At one level, responsibility refers to accountability, as in being responsible for actions taken. A deeper meaning of responsibility corresponds to commitment to the pursuit and achievement of a valued end

Public health ethics is on the map. In the past year, bioethicists and public health practitioners have begun to focus their critical attention on this complex and understudied topic. Much remains to be done. Childress et al. (2002), for example, describe their account of public health ethics as a rough conceptual map of a terrain with undefined boundaries.

Our focus will be on the responsibilities of epidemiologists, a choice made for several compelling reasons. Epidemiology sits at the center of the science and practice of environmental health, and more generally, at the center of public health. Although it is often referred to as a basic science of public health, epidemiology connects the acquisition of scientific knowledge with its application in preventive interventions, programs, and policies. This connection suggests a fundamental question: What are our responsibilities as epidemiologists? Do we, for example, have a joint responsibility to participate in science and to apply the knowledge gained? This is a key concern for us as researchers, health professionals, and as teachers.

The social responsibility of public health professionals is but one of many concerns in the broader picture of public health ethics. It is nevertheless a central concern. As Ogletree (1996) reminds us, responsibility is a concept particularly well suited to flame many key aspects of the ethics of professions faced with making decisions and taking actions in complex situations. These decisions often involve advanced technologies, high levels of specialization, and overlapping areas of expertise and concern among decision makers from diverse educational, political, and social backgrounds, precisely the situation in contemporary epidemiology and public health. In sum, responsibility organizes many (although not all) of public health’s ethical issues in terms appropriate for professional practitioners.

Responsibility has a deeper meaning as well, corresponding to commitment. To be responsible means to be committed to someone or to some thing. Being responsible in this deeper sense involves a commitment to positive action, to the pursuit and achievement of something of value, such as a social good (Jonas 1984). We will return to the notion of social goods in public health. For now, we want to emphasize that responsibility focuses attention on professional commitments

Finally, our inquiry is intended to assist all public health researchers who seek to define their social responsibilities. For those who are involved primarily in environmental health research, we can think of at least two connected and current topics–environmental justice and community-based participatory research.

Boost Your Job qualifications via Computer Training

Microsoft Training is always a good thing to because most companies use Microsoft products. At the moment many people are between jobs and the chances are that they are getting some extra training in while they are looking for work to both pass the time usefully and to improve the look of their CV. It is well worth thinking about the people that you would be competing against if you were looking for a job. What sort of qualifications might they be getting to enhance their skills.

It is worth thinking hard about this even if you have a job at the moment. However, secure you might think your position is, it could be the case that you get made redundant for some reason. It is therefore important to make sure that you are in the best possible position to get a new job and to get one quickly. As well as making sure that your CV is as up to date as possible, it is also a good idea to make sure that your skills and qualifications are up to date. It is worth considering doing a course which will not only show your enthusiasm for the subject, your desire to improve and your interest in that area but it will also show that you have good qualifications. Something like a BizTalk training class will be easy for you to start and fit in around your job, should you need to. It will be able to teach you everything you need to know about the relevant topic that you need to study as well as being convenient for you. There are a lot of opportunities for study these days, you do not have to always travel away and do an expensive course in a capital city. It is possible to do training in front of your computer at home and get a perfectly credible qualification.

Do careful research and you will be able to find all about what is available and be able to compare the prices of the courses as well as the types of courses and how they work. If you have not studied for a while you will probably be surprised at the opportunities that are around and how easy it is these days to get some qualifications or some new skills. It could be a real help to your employment prospects and you might even enjoy it.

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